Islamabad is the Capital of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan. The city was built between 1960 - 1970 to replace Karachi as the capital. The idea of the national capital of Islamabad was conceived by President Ayub Khan (1907–1974). Karachi had been the capital because it was Pakistan's commercial center, but it was not considered an appropriate administrative center due to many issues and therefore a planned city became a necessaty..
Combining a Rich history, the confluence of many a civilization and temperate climate, Islamabad - the capital city of Pakistan, is one of the most beautiful cities in the South Asian region. Wide, tree-lined streets adorn the various sectors and zones of the city, making it accessible and spectacular. Administratively, the city is located within the Islamabad Capital Territory, which is federally controlled, even though historically Islamabad has been a part of the Punjab province; more specifically the Potohar Plateau. A meticulously planned city by renowned town planners Doxiadis Associates, Islamabad is the fastest growing city in terms of population, economy and urban development. As this trend continues, the city is shedding its reputation as a city without character, and is fast becoming truly metropolitan.
Many ancient historical sites are found around the city of Islamabad. Massive forts, Hindu temples, Buddhist stupas and Sikh Gurdwaras are all located within driving distance of Islamabad. The remnants of the Gandhara Civilization, the city of Rawalpindi, Hassan Abdal, Attock, the Salt Ranges, Kallar Kahar, and the Murree Hills, including the 'Galiyaat' are also worth seeing. In spite of the difficult times that Pakistan is facing today, Islamabad is a thriving hub of economic and cultural activities. The city offers beautiful parks and recreational areas, breathtaking scenery, museums and art galleries, busy shopping areas, mouth watering local and foreign cuisines and a wide array of architectural wonders that are a unique blend of Islamic architecture with modern vision.
As it is properly planned and well constructed city of the country so it is also grooming in real estate, education, infrastructure, telecom sector, road safety, fashion industry, services industry, IT industry and human resource department. Therefore, life here is very enjoyable. Government and private sectors departments are giving jobs to youth and educated class of country and thus minimizing joblessness, and poverty in the country and improving the GDP.
These hills over looking Islamabad offer a sweeping, panoramic view of Islamabad. The place is ideal for afternoon and evening outing with family and friends. Its beauty is enhanced by the greenery and flowers at different sites. High quality restaurants, good food, live music, hiking trails and lush green hillsides make it a favorite place for local and foreign tourist alike.
It is about 2400ft from sea level and almost 500ft from the city of Islamabad. It is a popular destination for the residents as well as the visitors to the capital. Daman-e-Koh is a midpoint for tourists on their way to the higher view point Pir Sohawa which is located at the top of Margalla Hills at an elevation of about 3600ft. There is a plan to construct a chairlift from Daman-e-Koh to Pir Sohawa. Monkeys are a common sight during winter. Cheetahs are frequently reported to descend from higher hills of Murree during snowfall.
The Pakistan Monument in Islamabad, Pakistan, is a national monument representing the nation's four provinces and three territories. After a competition among many renowned architects, Arif Masood's plan was selected for the final design. The blooming flower shape of the monument represents Pakistan's progress as a rapidly developing country. The four main petals of the monument represent the four provinces (Balochistan, North West Frontier Province, Punjab, and Sindh), while the three smaller petals represent the three territories (Northern Areas, Azad Kashmir and the Federally Administered Tribal Areas). The Monument has been designed to reflect the culture and civilization of the country and depicts the story of the Pakistan Movement, dedicated to those who sacrificed themselves for future generations.
From air the monument looks like a star (center) and a crescent moon (formed by walls forming the petals), these represent the star and crescent on Pakistan's flag. Pakistan Monument Museum is Located in Front of Pakistan Monument at Shakarparian, Islamabad, Pakistan. Museum is created to give tribute those who sacrificed there all life for a separate homeland. The government of Pakistan built this museum to showcase some special movements in the making Pakistan. Pakistan Monument Museum is a best place for history lovers there timings are 10 Am to 8 PM. The museum facilities are including audio documentaries, books of history, researches and media centre.
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